# Airplane Thrust and Weight

*Most recent answer: 06/18/2019*

- Nicholas Landell-Mills (age 52)

Argentiere

Statement one, that in level flight the lift equals the weight, has to be true.

It's also true the thrust to weight ratios of ~0.3 are common for modern passenger planes.

How can they both be true? Because it's not true that lift < thrust. Lift is less than thrust if the plane is taking off vertically. For a plane in uniform horizontal the thrust only needs to equal the frictional drag. The lift created by the airflow around the wings can be bigger than that drag.

The deep esson underlying this is that force, unlike energy, is not some conserved quantity. You don't have a certain absolute thrust force to divide up into different vector components. What is conserved is energy, ad that's what gives you that the thrust must equal the drag for uniform horizontal motion. For that motion, there's no vertical velocity, so the vertical forces aren't doing any work.

Mike W.

*(published on 06/18/2019)*