Q:

what role does the equivalence of rthe inertial and gravitational properties of mass play in the development of general relativity?

- paige (age 18)

united states

- paige (age 18)

united states

A:

That equivalence plays a crucial role. The central idea of General Relativity is that there are many different ways of assigning spacetime coordinates to events, all of which ways can be described by the same laws of physics. These ways include coordinate systems that are accelerating with respect to each other. In one coordinate system, all the objects at rest in the other seem to be accelerating, with nearby ones accelerating at the same rate. In that coordinate system you'd need a gravitational field to explain why, for no other reason, all the objects in some region were accelerating together.

Now lets look at the Newtonian version of this, which not only has inertial masses, m_{i}, but also gravitational masses, m_{g}. Since the gravitational force on an object is proportional to its m_{g}, and the acceleration is given by F/m_{i}, the acceleration would be proportional to m_{g}/m_{i}. Unless every object has the same m_{g}/m_{i} then gravity will cause nearby objects to accelerate differently. That's completely different from the effects of changing coordinate systems.

So General Relativity only makes sense if every object has the same m_{g}/m_{i}. It's most convenient then to just call both masses the same thing.

Mike W.

Now lets look at the Newtonian version of this, which not only has inertial masses, m

So General Relativity only makes sense if every object has the same m

Mike W.

*(published on 11/16/2009)*