Physics Van 3-site Navigational Menu

Physics Van Navigational Menu

Q & A: Why do electrons move?

Learn more physics!

Most recent answer: 04/11/2015
Q:
One of my students asked me, "Why does the electron move at all?" I admitted I didnt know and would like to find out for myself and for her. Thanks
internet drug coupons open prescription coupon
married cheaters site dating for married men
buy sildenafil 100mg viagra without a doctor prescription viagra 100 mg
rite aid prescription transfer coupon mesutcakir.com.tr coupon rite aid
rite aid prescription transfer coupon mesutcakir.com.tr coupon rite aid
online discount pharmacy dotnetblogengine.net coupon for prescription
pfizer coupons for viagra prescription coupon viagra discounts coupons
can i take minocycline with birth control read can i take minocycline with birth control
viagra bestellen online viagra pillen kruidvat pillen kopen
cialis coupon lilly coupons for cialis printable transfer prescription coupon
drug discount coupons link discount coupons for prescriptions
arcoxia 30 arcoxia 90 arcoxia wiki
champix alkohol go champix
cialis cialis discount cialis walgreen coupon
cialis cialis discount cialis walgreen coupon
nurofen cold and flu dosage internetsellout.com nurofen plus dosage
allods online cwblog.centralworld.co.th allo allo
vivitrol alcohol what is vivitrol shot narcan challenge

- David DeCarli
Cromwell High School, CT, USA
A:
David -

Awesome question! (Give your student my compliments for thinking it up!) Naturally, one would think that because protons are positively charged, and electrons are negatively charged, the two should attract and stick together. The reason that doesn't happen can't even begin to be explained using classical physics. This was one of the key mysteries that were cleared up right away by the invention of quantum mechanics around 1925.

The picture you often see of electrons as small objects circling a nucleus in well defined "orbits" is actually quite wrong. As we now understand it, the electrons aren't really at any one place at any time at all. Instead they exist as a sort of cloud. The cloud can compress to a very small space briefly if you probe it in the right way, but before that it really acts like a spread-out cloud. For example, the electron in a hydrogen atom likes to occupy a spherical volume surrounding the proton. If you think of the proton as the size of a grain of salt, then the electron cloud would have about a ten foot radius. If you probe, you'll probably find the electron somewhere in that region.

The weird thing about that cloud is that its spread in space is related to the spread of possible momenta (or velocities) of the electron. So here's the key point, which we won't pretend to explain here. The more squashed in the cloud gets, the more spread-out the range of momenta has to get. That's called Heisenberg's uncertainty principle. It could quit moving if it spread out more, but that would mean not being as near the nucleus, and having higher potential energy. Big momenta mean big kinetic energies. So the cloud can lower its potential energy by squishing in closer to the nucleus, but when it squishes in too far its kinetic energy goes up more than its potential energy goes down. So it settles at a happy medium, with the lowest possible energy, and that gives the cloud and thus the atom its size.

That basically answers your question, although we admit that the answer sounds strange. There really are very definite mathematical descriptions to go along with those words.

You might be interested in some more properties of those electrons in atoms.

If just the right amount on energy is applied, it is possible to knock an electron up to a higher energy orbital (a different shape of cloud, not so close to the nucleus), or even completely off of the atom. If electrons are knocked off of the atoms, they can create electricity. (This is what you see when you look at a VanDeGraff Generator or at lightning.)

If they are only given some energy, but not enough to knock them loose, they will move from one orbital to another (say from the S-orbital to the P-orbital). But if there is no other electron in the lower-energy orbital, they will fall back down again. When they do, they release energy in the form of a photon (light). This is part of the concept that lasers are based on.

Well...I apologize for this answer being so long. Thanks for sticking with me up to here! I hope this answers your question.

-Tamara
hillcrest abortion clinic site live abortion video
hillcrest abortion clinic abortive live abortion video
types of abortions the weeks of pregnancy what happens when you get an abortion
levaquin pill diprolene 0.05% furosemide pill
free online coupons pharmacy coupon new prescription coupons
prescription drugs discount cards blog.plazacutlery.com coupons for viagra printable
viagra coupons from manufacturer liberitutti.info drug discount coupons
coupons for prescriptions floridafriendlyplants.com prescription drugs discount cards
prescription discount coupons free prescription drug cards viagra discount coupons online
cialis dosage and go cialis dose for copd pts
where buy viagra online viagra for sale uk online viagra buy
cialis price online lipseysguns.com cialis price history
cialis manufacturer coupon cialis discounts coupons prescription drug coupons
arcoxia 30 arcoxia 90 arcoxia wiki
kamagra wikipedia blog.jrmissworld.com kamagra shop
cefdinir red stool cefdinir nedir cefdinir nedir
cialis coupon card evans.com.mx cialis coupon
trental cena trenitalia trental nuspojave

(published on 10/22/2007)

Follow-Up #1: electrons in atom move?

Q:
How do electrons move around the nucleus?
why people cheat marriage affairs how many people cheat
married men cheat with men open wifes cheat
cvs discount card cvs new prescription coupon prescription drugs discount cards
free prescription cards nwwebdesigns.net walgreens prints coupon codes
buy sildenafil 100mg buy sildenafil 100mg viagra 100 mg
rite aid prescription transfer coupon mesutcakir.com.tr coupon rite aid
priligy 30mg click cialis 40mg
coupons rx prostudiousa.com www.januvia.com coupons
levitra pill go tadalafil pill
ventolin 2mg bistromc.org deltasone 40mg
free online coupons prescription card new prescription coupons
free viagra samples coupon gallaghermalpractice.com viagra 2016 coupon
new prescription coupon discount drug coupons prescription coupon card
manufacturer coupons for prescription drugs viagra coupons 2016 coupon prescription
can i take antabuse and naltrexone can i take antabuse and naltrexone can i take antabuse and naltrexone
cialis dosage and go cialis dose for copd pts
where buy viagra online http://viagraforsaleuk1.com online viagra buy
cialis manufacturer coupon link prescription drug coupons
prescription drug coupons cialis coupons from lilly drug coupon
cialis coupon card eblogin.com cialis coupons from manufacturer
claritinekombo read claritine za psa
arcoxia 30 arcoxia 90 arcoxia wiki
fusidinezuur kopen blog.jp-sa.org fusidic acid
niacine movidafm.net niacin v hrani
proscar vs propecia for hair loss proscar pris proscar pris
fluvoxamine (luvox) blog.tgworkshop.net fluvoxamina bula
buscopan hund buscopan dosierung buscopan dragees
lasix injetavel lasix efeitos colaterais lasix
voltaren retard voltaren forte voltaren spray
motilium enceinte blog.cr-inside.org motilium et grossesse
singulair 4 mg granulat scottdangelo.com singulair patient information
prescriptions coupons cialis coupon drug prescription card

- Anonymous
A:
The easiest case to describe is a hydrogen atom. It has just one electron. That electron exists in a spherically symmetric cloud around the nucleus. It's not going anywhere at all. However, the cloud has the potential to show movement in any direction if something comes along to 'measure' that movement. Likewise the electron can be found in any position in that little cloud if something comes along to measure the position to that accuracy.
If that sounds mysterious, it is.

Mike W.
cheater read wifes who cheat
best android spy apps to spy on phones how to spy on an android phone
free prescription cards go walgreens prints coupon codes
rite aid prescription transfer coupon mesutcakir.com.tr coupon rite aid
finasteride zithromax cialis 80mg
prescription discount coupons free prescription drug cards viagra discount coupons online
1 wk pregnant abortion pill article on abortion
cialis dosage and go cialis dose for copd pts
acheter viagra pas acheter viagra pas acheter viagra pas
cialis coupons from lilly coupon for free cialis coupons for prescriptions
cialis coupon card eblogin.com cialis coupons from manufacturer
voltaren ára voltaren duo voltaren
champix alkohol mdwguide.com champix
kamagra wikipedia blog.jrmissworld.com kamagra shop
ibuprofen rapid ibuprofen spc ibuprofen
proscar vs propecia for hair loss proscar pris proscar pris
seroquel 25 mg site seroquel debljanje
amlodipine 5 mg amlodipine kat amlodipine accord
allods online cwblog.centralworld.co.th allo allo
singulair 4 mg granulat site singulair patient information
singulair 4 mg granulat site singulair patient information
prescriptions coupons emergent-ventures.com drug prescription card

(published on 06/10/2009)

Follow-Up #2: electron orbits

Q:
I've heard that electrons don't collapse in on the nucleus because the trajectory that they take around the nucleus must be an integer of their wavelength, or else they will destructively interfere with themselves. Thus their wavelength, which is proportional to their energy, prevents them from collapsing, because in order to radiate energy, the energy must be given off at a certain rate, which would cause the electron wave to destructively interfere with itself . . . My question is where do electrons get their kinetic energy, and thus their wavelengths from, and, if that wavelength theory is true, how can they be lowered back to their orininal energy level after being elevated by a photon, since that would cause destructive interference?
married woman looking to cheat My wife cheated on me most women cheat
types of abortions site what happens when you get an abortion
walgreens coupons deals blog.mrwade.co.uk walgreens photo print coupons
free prescription cards go walgreens prints coupon codes
levaquin pill cephalexin 250mg furosemide pill
online discount pharmacy dotnetblogengine.net coupon for prescription
new prescription coupon areta.se prescription coupon card
can i take escitalopram in the morning can i take escitalopram in the morning can i take escitalopram in the morning
can i take minocycline with birth control can i take minocycline with birth control can i take minocycline with birth control
can i take antabuse and naltrexone can i take antabuse and naltrexone can i take antabuse and naltrexone
acheter viagra pas acheter viagra pas acheter viagra pas
cialis coupon card open cialis coupons from manufacturer
lilly cialis coupon prostudiousa.com coupons prescriptions
augmentin générique arbot.cz augmentin sirop
fusidinezuur kopen go fusidic acid
niacine movidafm.net niacin v hrani
diflucan 150 gruene-kehl.de diflucan sirup
fluvoxamine (luvox) open fluvoxamina bula
voltaren retard voltaren pomada voltaren spray
prescriptions coupons coupons for prescriptions drug prescription card

- John (age 17)
Jamestown, Ohio, United States
A:
John- Those things you've heard are often taught in school and pictured in popular science shows. Nonetheless they are false or too vague to be useful.

Electrons in atoms, like all objects on a small scale, show quantum properties which cannot be pictured in any familiar way.  They don't have either a particular wavelength or a particular position.

The explanation of why the electrons don't collapse in further toward the nucleus is more like this. In classical physics, a particle can have any kinetic energy regardless of what position it's at, but not in quantum mechanics.  The kinetic energy is determined by the shape of the same 'wave-function' which also represents the probable positions of the particle. If the wave is scrunched in tightly, the kinetic energies it represents are big. So when a wave starts scrunching in close to the nucleus, its kinetic energy goes up more than its potential energy goes down.

The ordinary atomic size minimizes the total energy.

Mike W.
cheater read wifes who cheat
married men cheat with men why husbands cheat wifes cheat
types of abortions the weeks of pregnancy what happens when you get an abortion
levaquin pill cephalexin 250mg furosemide pill
prescriptions coupons discount card for prescription drugs discount coupon for viagra
prescriptions coupons discount card for prescription drugs discount coupon for viagra
pfizer coupons for viagra viagra coupon viagra discounts coupons
diabetes affect sexuality cialis dosage information diabetes sexuality treatment
viagra bestellen online viagra online shop pillen kopen
cialis coupons from lilly coupon for free cialis coupons for prescriptions
champix alkohol mdwguide.com champix
diflucan 150 gruene-kehl.de diflucan sirup
proscar vs propecia for hair loss proscar pris proscar pris
seroquel 25 mg read seroquel debljanje
cialis cialis discount cialis walgreen coupon
buscopan hund buscopan wirkung buscopan dragees
amlodipine 5 mg amlodipine kat amlodipine accord

(published on 10/07/2008)

Follow-Up #3: source of energy?

Q:
BUT THE QUESTION REMAINS, WHY DOES THE ELECTRON START MOVEMENT AT ALL? WHERE FROM DOES IT GET THE ENERGY?
hillcrest abortion clinic stories of abortion live abortion video
internet drug coupons open prescription coupon
married cheaters site dating for married men
rite aid prescription transfer coupon mesutcakir.com.tr coupon rite aid
diprolene go furosemide 40mg
prescription discount coupons open viagra discount coupons online
1 wk pregnant abortion pill article on abortion
cialis dosage and go cialis dose for copd pts
cialis coupons from lilly coupon for free cialis coupons for prescriptions
cialis coupons from lilly coupon for free cialis coupons for prescriptions
venlafaxine gewichtstoename idippedut.dk venlafaxine fk
arcoxia 30 arcoxia 90 arcoxia wiki
kamagra wikipedia kamagra jelly kamagra shop
flibanserin online flibanserin buy flibanserin buy
proscar vs propecia for hair loss proscar proscar pris
seroquel 25 mg click seroquel debljanje
cialis driverblog.suddath.com cialis walgreen coupon
allods online cwblog.centralworld.co.th allo allo
motilium enceinte blog.cr-inside.org motilium et grossesse
vivitrol alcohol what is vivitrol shot narcan challenge

- RAGINI (age 15)
MUMBAI, MAHARASHTRA, INDIA
A:
That would be a big problem if somehow there was a way for the electrons to start with zero energy. If an electron is floating around on its own, its kinetic energy can be very low. However, there is then a lot of electrostatic energy associated with its electric fields.That can be lowered by bringing it closer to a positive charge, like a proton.  That can form a simple hydrogen atom. The electron will now have more kinetic energy, but less potential energy.  The extra energy will radiate away as an electromagnetic field.

Mike W.
hillcrest abortion clinic stories of abortion live abortion video
married woman looking to cheat My wife cheated on me most women cheat
best android spy apps to spy on phones how to spy on an android phone
coupons rx prostudiousa.com www.januvia.com coupons
online discount pharmacy dotnetblogengine.net coupon for prescription
viagra coupons free softballspa.com drug coupons
prescription discount coupons free prescription drug cards viagra discount coupons online
can i take minocycline with birth control can i take minocycline with birth control can i take minocycline with birth control
lisinopril and bisoprolol lisinopril and bisoprolol lisinopril and bisoprolol
diabetes affect sexuality cialis dosage information diabetes sexuality treatment
cialis coupons from lilly coupon for free cialis coupons for prescriptions
prescription drug coupons prescription discount coupon drug coupon
coupons for prescriptions open drug prescription card
lilly cialis coupon prostudiousa.com coupons prescriptions
niacine movidafm.net niacin v hrani
flibanserin online click flibanserin buy
sildenafil pfizer link sildenafil sandoz
cefdinir red stool ski-club-auringen.de cefdinir nedir
amlodipine 5 mg link amlodipine accord
renovacija stanovanja blog.myexpensesonline.co.uk renova g
voltaren retard voltaren pomada voltaren spray

(published on 06/23/2009)

Follow-Up #4: Acceleration of charged particles

Q:
What is the property of a particle that enables particles to be accelerated by a potential difference
why people cheat marriage affairs how many people cheat
why people cheat marriage affairs how many people cheat
the best android phone mealmixer.com phone tracking apps
types of abortions the weeks of pregnancy what happens when you get an abortion
cvs discount card cvs new prescription coupon prescription drugs discount cards
finasteride lasix 40mg cialis 80mg
free viagra samples coupon gallaghermalpractice.com viagra 2016 coupon
viagra coupons from manufacturer liberitutti.info drug discount coupons
can i take escitalopram in the morning can i take escitalopram in the morning can i take escitalopram in the morning
can i take minocycline with birth control can i take minocycline with birth control can i take minocycline with birth control
lisinopril and energy drinks lisinopril and energy drinks lisinopril and energy drinks
diabetes affect sexuality diabetes sexuality treatment
cialis coupon lilly coupons for cialis printable transfer prescription coupon
prescription drug coupons prescription discount coupon drug coupon
voltaren ára go voltaren
venlafaxine gewichtstoename read venlafaxine fk
arcoxia 30 go arcoxia wiki
kamagra wikipedia kamagra jelly kamagra shop
amlodipine 5 mg amlodipine bijwerkingen amlodipine accord

- Alex (age 17)
Aus
A:
It's electric charge.  A potential difference is measured in Volts.  A particle with charge equal to that of an electron will experience a 1 eV increase in energy for a 1 V increase in potential.  An alpha particle, with charge twice that of an electron, would get 2 eV increase in energy, etc.   Since this quantity has an algebraic sign you can both accelerate and decelerate charged particles.  By the way, one electron volt is equal to 1.602x 10−19 joules.

LeeH
why people cheat marriage affairs how many people cheat
cheater click wifes who cheat
the best android phone mealmixer.com phone tracking apps
types of abortions the weeks of pregnancy what happens when you get an abortion
diprolene go furosemide 40mg
ventolin 2mg bistromc.org deltasone 40mg
online discount pharmacy viagra coupons and discounts coupon for prescription
viagra coupons from manufacturer liberitutti.info drug discount coupons
viagra coupons from manufacturer liberitutti.info drug discount coupons
prescription discount coupons softballspa.com viagra discount coupons online
manufacturer coupons for prescription drugs viagra coupons 2016 coupon prescription
cialis dosage and go cialis dose for copd pts
cialis coupon card open cialis coupons from manufacturer
cialis coupon card read cialis coupons from manufacturer
coupons for prescriptions mha.dk drug prescription card
claritinekombo warpedfish.co.uk claritine za psa
naprosyn roche rileytech.net naprosyn nedir
diflucan 150 gruene-kehl.de diflucan sirup
seroquel 25 mg site seroquel debljanje
voltaren retard voltaren forte voltaren spray
nurofen cold and flu dosage internetsellout.com nurofen plus dosage
cialis coupon card evans.com.mx cialis coupon
vivitrol alcohol what is vivitrol shot narcan challenge

(published on 07/05/2009)

Follow-Up #5: electron relativistic waves

Q:
what is the speed, with what the electron orbits around the atom, close enough to c, so relative effects apply or not ? when the electron is a lonely walker in vacuum, does it behaves like a ball or like a wave( i mean is it nessesary to orbit around a nuclies, to think of it like wave-cloud-etc, while not observing ) . and if it behaves like ball/wave, if we accelerate it to close-c-velocities what would happen according lorenzs' contraction;
hillcrest abortion clinic stories of abortion live abortion video
the best android phone mealmixer.com phone tracking apps
the best android phone link phone tracking apps
internet drug coupons open prescription coupon
types of abortions read what happens when you get an abortion
best android spy spy on mobile how to spy on an android phone
buy sildenafil 100mg viagra without a doctor prescription viagra 100 mg
viagra coupons from manufacturer open drug discount coupons
prescription drugs coupons viagra manufacturer coupon 2016 viagra coupon card
1 wk pregnant abortion pill article on abortion
can i take minocycline with birth control read can i take minocycline with birth control
cialis dosage and cialis dose for copd pts
viagra bestellen online viagra pillen kruidvat pillen kopen
cialis price online link cialis price history
drug discount coupons blog.suntekusa.com discount coupons for prescriptions
sildenafil pfizer link sildenafil sandoz
proscar vs propecia for hair loss read proscar pris
fluvoxamine (luvox) open fluvoxamina bula
cialis cialis discount cialis walgreen coupon
buscopan hund buscopan wirkung buscopan dragees
amlodipine 5 mg amlodipine kat amlodipine accord
nurofen cold and flu dosage internetsellout.com nurofen plus dosage
cialis coupon card evans.com.mx cialis coupon

- димитър (age 18)
българия
A:
For small atoms, relativistic effects aren't very big. The binding energy of the electron in hydrogen is about 13.6 eV.  (That's about -27.2 potential, +13.6 kinetic.) The rest energy of an electron is about 500,000 eV. So the kinetic energy is small compared to the rest energy, and thus relativistic effects are small. For the inner electrons in big atoms the energies are large enough for the relativistic effects to be major.

The basic quantum rules (the Dirac equation, for an electron) apply whether or not the particle is in a bound state. The Dirac equation is relativistic and applies regardless of the electron's energy, unlike the approximate non-relativistic Schroedinger equation. The Dirac equation is still a wave equation. If the electron cloud is accelerated, its spatial dimensions change according to the same Lorentz transforms as any other spatial dimensions. If the cloud starts off spherical, it becomes pancake-shaped.

Mike W.
hillcrest abortion clinic site live abortion video
married men cheat with men why husbands cheat wifes cheat
types of abortions read what happens when you get an abortion
finasteride zithromax cialis 80mg
imitrex 50mg site flagyl 200mg
prescriptions coupons markthrice.com discount coupon for viagra
prescription drugs discount cards blog.plazacutlery.com coupons for viagra printable
coupon for viagra viagra trial coupon viagra discount coupons online
discount prescriptions coupons mba-institutes.com internet drug coupons
manufacturer coupons for prescription drugs viagra 2016 coupon coupon prescription
lisinopril and bisoprolol lisinopriland.net lisinopril and bisoprolol
lisinopril and bisoprolol lisinopriland.net lisinopril and bisoprolol
diabetes affect sexuality open diabetes sexuality treatment
cialis price online link cialis price history
cialis coupon lilly blog.nvcoin.com transfer prescription coupon
drug discount coupons blog.suntekusa.com discount coupons for prescriptions
fusidinezuur kopen blog.jp-sa.org fusidic acid
flibanserin online flibanserin buy flibanserin buy
sildenafil pfizer link sildenafil sandoz
seroquel 25 mg click seroquel debljanje
cefdinir red stool ski-club-auringen.de cefdinir nedir
lasix injetavel lasix lasix
allods online cwblog.centralworld.co.th allo allo
motilium enceinte blog.cr-inside.org motilium et grossesse
cialis coupon card evans.com.mx cialis coupon

(published on 08/04/2009)

Follow-Up #6: non-question

Q:
I'm not here to ask a question but make a statement on this subject. See, the problem with Quantum Physics is that they don't take into account the universe. The universe is moving and so is the matter inside of it for one basic reason; we are in a black hole. The reason the electron is moving, because we are moving in a shape of a vortex. The most important question that most teachers and professors don't address when it comes to atoms is, why do positive charges stick together? The answer is: Gravitational Singularity. If you think of earth as being an atom and people as the electrons, the people are pulled towards the core of the earth, but due to the distance the force is weak, and we are able to move around and continue with our daily lives. It's the same case with the atom; gravitational singularity at the core of the atom is what's holding the protons together, and allowing electrons to stay in orbit.
why people cheat infidelity signs how many people cheat
married cheaters site dating for married men
levitra pill go tadalafil pill
imitrex 50mg thepoliticalsword.com flagyl 200mg
viagra coupons from manufacturer liberitutti.info drug discount coupons
coupons for prescriptions new prescription coupons prescription drugs discount cards
cialis dosage and cialis dose for copd pts
where buy viagra online side effects from viagra use online viagra buy
cialis price online lipseysguns.com cialis price history
cialis coupons from lilly prescription drug cards coupons for prescriptions
cialis manufacturer coupon cialis discounts coupons prescription drug coupons
fusidinezuur kopen blog.jp-sa.org fusidic acid
fluvoxamine (luvox) open fluvoxamina bula
amlodipine 5 mg amlodipine bijwerkingen amlodipine accord
voltaren retard voltaren pomada voltaren spray
allods online cwblog.centralworld.co.th allo allo

- John (age 21)
NJ
A:
Ok, since you don't have any questions, I do. Do you have any shred of evidence for any one of those assertions? Are you able to calculate any actual measurable physical quantity, like those which are calculated using quantum theory, including the attractive nuclear force?


Mike W.
why people cheat infidelity signs how many people cheat
why people cheat catch a cheat how many people cheat
cheater click wifes who cheat
married cheaters site dating for married men
buy sildenafil 100mg viagra without a doctor prescription viagra 100 mg
rite aid prescription transfer coupon open coupon rite aid
coupons rx prostudiousa.com www.januvia.com coupons
levitra pill go tadalafil pill
imitrex 50mg thepoliticalsword.com flagyl 200mg
can i take minocycline with birth control read can i take minocycline with birth control
cialis dosage and go cialis dose for copd pts
diabetes affect sexuality diabetes sexuality treatment
acheter viagra pas acheter viagra pas acheter viagra pas
viagra bestellen online viagra pillen kruidvat pillen kopen
where buy viagra online side effects from viagra use online viagra buy
claritinekombo read claritine za psa
naprosyn roche rileytech.net naprosyn nedir
fusidinezuur kopen go fusidic acid
niacine movidafm.net niacin v hrani
cialis cialis cialis walgreen coupon
singulair 4 mg granulat scottdangelo.com singulair patient information
cialis coupon card evans.com.mx cialis coupon

(published on 10/24/2009)

Follow-Up #7: why quantum?

Q:
Why do electrons move like a wave? instead of a line. is there a hidden force making them move like a wave?
internet drug coupons site prescription coupon
married men cheat with men open wifes cheat
married men cheat with men women that cheat with married men wifes cheat
free prescription cards go walgreens prints coupon codes
rite aid prescription transfer coupon mesutcakir.com.tr coupon rite aid
diprolene go furosemide 40mg
ventolin 2mg bistromc.org deltasone 40mg
ventolin 2mg bistromc.org deltasone 40mg
imitrex 50mg site flagyl 200mg
online discount pharmacy viagra coupons and discounts coupon for prescription
prescriptions coupons markthrice.com discount coupon for viagra
coupons for prescriptions new prescription coupons prescription drugs discount cards
viagra coupons free softballspa.com drug coupons
viagra coupon card blog.brunothalmann.com viagra free coupon
can i take antabuse and naltrexone can i take antabuse and naltrexone can i take antabuse and naltrexone
cialis dosage and cialis dose for copd pts
drug discount coupons link discount coupons for prescriptions
drug discount coupons link discount coupons for prescriptions
lilly cialis coupon coupons for prescriptions coupons prescriptions
naproxennatrium zygonie.com naproxen migraine
fusidinezuur kopen blog.jp-sa.org fusidic acid
fluvoxamine (luvox) blog.tgworkshop.net fluvoxamina bula
cialis driverblog.suddath.com cialis walgreen coupon
buscopan hund buscopan dosierung buscopan dragees
amlodipine 5 mg link amlodipine accord
trental cena trenitalia trental nuspojave

- Bo (age 21)
NYC
A:
In almost every modern interpretation of quantum mechanics electrons (and all other small things) show wave-like behavior because they are indeed waves. They are, however, quantum waves, which in some regards behave quite differently from classical waves. For example, when the wave is heading toward many different-looking outcomes, you only see one, not a combination. Sometimes that's reminiscent of how a particle, heading to just one place, would act.

One interpretation, due to David Bohm, claims that these quantum objects are actually point-like coordinates influenced by a wave. So in this interpretation an electron is a wave plus a coordinate dot. That's the closest to the picture you have in mind.

So far as I know, the Bohm interpretation adds nothing (except some hassle with relativity) to the simpler interpretation that the wave is all there is.

Mike W.
internet drug coupons coupons for prescription medications prescription coupon
married woman looking to cheat married men that cheat most women cheat
diprolene site furosemide 40mg
diprolene kamagra furosemide 40mg
priligy 30mg bistromc.org cialis 40mg
coupons rx prostudiousa.com www.januvia.com coupons
coupons rx prostudiousa.com www.januvia.com coupons
prescription drugs coupons go viagra coupon card
viagra coupons free read drug coupons
coupon for viagra modelosguayaquil.com viagra discount coupons online
1 wk pregnant abortion pill article on abortion
lisinopril and energy drinks lisinopril and energy drinks lisinopril and energy drinks
cialis dosage and cialis dose for copd pts
acheter viagra pas acheter viagra pas acheter viagra pas
viagra bestellen online viagra pillen kruidvat pillen kopen
drug discount coupons blog.suntekusa.com discount coupons for prescriptions
claritinekombo warpedfish.co.uk claritine za psa
voltaren ára house.raupes.net voltaren
augmentin générique read augmentin sirop
arcoxia 30 arcoxia 90 arcoxia wiki
kamagra wikipedia kamagra jelly kamagra shop
flibanserin online click flibanserin buy
fluvoxamine (luvox) blog.tgworkshop.net fluvoxamina bula
cefdinir red stool cefdinir nedir cefdinir nedir
singulair 4 mg granulat scottdangelo.com singulair patient information
cialis coupon card evans.com.mx cialis coupon
prescriptions coupons coupons for prescriptions drug prescription card

(published on 10/24/2009)

Follow-Up #8: quantum energies

Q:
Okay, I've read the answers that have been proposed to the questions. If I get it correctly, the reason why electrons do not collapse on the protons is because the potential and kinetic energies settle into a happy medium and thus do not send the electron pinwheeling into the nucleus. But one thing I would like to ask is how do the potential and kinetic energies prevent the electron from careening into the nucleus? What are the mechanics of these energies that act on the electron?
internet drug coupons coupons for prescription medications prescription coupon
diprolene kamagra furosemide 40mg
finasteride zithromax cialis 80mg
ventolin 2mg thyroxine 25mcg deltasone 40mg
free online coupons onlineseoanalyzer.com new prescription coupons
prescription drugs discount cards blog.plazacutlery.com coupons for viagra printable
new prescription coupon discount drug coupons prescription coupon card
coupons for prescriptions new prescription coupons prescription drugs discount cards
viagra coupon card blog.brunothalmann.com viagra free coupon
pfizer coupons for viagra viagra coupon viagra discounts coupons
coupon for viagra viagra trial coupon viagra discount coupons online
discount prescriptions coupons printable cialis coupon internet drug coupons
can i take minocycline with birth control read can i take minocycline with birth control
cialis coupons from lilly prescription drug cards coupons for prescriptions
cialis coupon lilly click transfer prescription coupon
cialis coupon card eblogin.com cialis coupons from manufacturer
cialis coupon card read cialis coupons from manufacturer
coupons for prescriptions open drug prescription card
naproxennatrium zygonie.com naproxen migraine
voltaren ára voltaren duo voltaren
naprosyn roche naprosyn wiki naprosyn nedir
champix alkohol mdwguide.com champix
fluvoxamine (luvox) blog.tgworkshop.net fluvoxamina bula
singulair 4 mg granulat site singulair patient information
cialis coupon card evans.com.mx cialis coupon
how expensive is an abortion link abortion clinics dallas tx

- Ze Xuan (age 13)
Singapore
A:
I think there's one key ingredient here that isn't close to what one would guess based on classical mechanics. It's that the kinetic energy of the electron wave depends on its shape. Specifically, it goes as the second derivative of the wave function with respect to spatial coordinates. That means that the only way to get a small kinetic energy is to have a wave which varies only slowly as a function of position. However, in order to be concentrated in a small region (needed to lower the potential energy) the wave obviously must vary rapidly as a function of position. That's why there is a trade-off.

Mike W.
cheater click wifes who cheat
internet drug coupons coupons for prescription medications prescription coupon
abortion pill clinics abortion pill prices for abortions
married cheaters site dating for married men
buy sildenafil 100mg viagra without a doctor prescription viagra 100 mg
levitra pill mostefaiamine.com tadalafil pill
free online coupons prescription card new prescription coupons
prescription drugs discount cards blog.plazacutlery.com coupons for viagra printable
coupons prescriptions blog.brunothalmann.com manufacturer coupons for prescription drugs
coupons prescriptions blog.brunothalmann.com manufacturer coupons for prescription drugs
manufacturer coupons for prescription drugs online viagra coupons coupon prescription
where buy viagra online http://viagraforsaleuk1.com online viagra buy
cialis price online link cialis price history
cialis coupons from lilly click coupons for prescriptions
prescription drug coupons codesamples.in drug coupon
voltaren ára go voltaren
ibuprofen rapid ibuprofen spc ibuprofen
fluvoxamine (luvox) open fluvoxamina bula
buscopan hund buscopan wirkung buscopan dragees
amlodipine 5 mg amlodipine kat amlodipine accord
voltaren retard link voltaren spray
prescriptions coupons cialis coupon drug prescription card
trental cena trenitalia trental nuspojave

(published on 11/14/2010)

Follow-Up #9: why quantum electron?

Q:
How is it that as you said in a hydrogen atom the electron exists in a cloud around the nucleus? Isn't it just one electron? Why is it a "cloud" around the nucleus and not like a planet around a star?
why people cheat marriage affairs how many people cheat
cheater what to do when husband cheats wifes who cheat
the best android phone link phone tracking apps
internet drug coupons open prescription coupon
internet drug coupons site prescription coupon
married woman looking to cheat go most women cheat
types of abortions read what happens when you get an abortion
imitrex 50mg site flagyl 200mg
free viagra samples coupon gallaghermalpractice.com viagra 2016 coupon
new prescription coupon discount drug coupons prescription coupon card
prescription drugs coupons viagra manufacturer coupon 2016 viagra coupon card
can i take minocycline with birth control can i take minocycline with birth control can i take minocycline with birth control
cialis price online link cialis price history
discount prescription drug cards nationalautocare.com prescription discounts cards
claritinekombo warpedfish.co.uk claritine za psa
ibuprofen rapid ibuprofen spc ibuprofen
proscar vs propecia for hair loss proscar proscar pris
cefdinir red stool ski-club-auringen.de cefdinir nedir
nurofen cold and flu dosage internetsellout.com nurofen plus dosage
how expensive is an abortion abortion clinic abortion clinics dallas tx

- Abstract1 (age 21)
detroit, mi
A:
Yes, it is just one electron. The point, however, is that an electron is not what you think it is.  It really is a smear, not a dot. That smear can, under some conditions, by pulled into a small region or under other conditions expanded out to a large region. So far as we can tell, that's all there is to it. As for the idea that there's really a dot-like position hiding in there, as we discuss above, violations of the Bell Inequalities show that such pictures are false.

From the point of view of the fundamental equations of physics, the mystery (if any) is not how an electron can be spread out but rather how the planet can be not spread out.

Mike W.
hillcrest abortion clinic abortive live abortion video
the best android phone mealmixer.com phone tracking apps
internet drug coupons coupons for prescription medications prescription coupon
rite aid prescription transfer coupon mesutcakir.com.tr coupon rite aid
levaquin pill diprolene 0.05% furosemide pill
online discount pharmacy dotnetblogengine.net coupon for prescription
prescriptions coupons markthrice.com discount coupon for viagra
1 wk pregnant abortion pill article on abortion
lisinopril and bisoprolol lisinopriland.net lisinopril and bisoprolol
acheter viagra pas acheter viagra pas acheter viagra pas
niacine movidafm.net niacin v hrani
diflucan 150 gruene-kehl.de diflucan sirup
flibanserin online flibanserin buy flibanserin buy
buscopan hund buscopan wirkung buscopan dragees
renovacija stanovanja blog.myexpensesonline.co.uk renova g

(published on 03/03/2011)

Follow-Up #10: quantum facts

Q:
From the previous answers given I see no explanation for the perpetual motion of the electron? As far as I can tell Quantum Mechanics does not explain the motion of any particle? It says that electrons are smears or clouds. I find this abstact mathematical explantion very unsatisfatory. I think that the most honest answer that can be given by a physicist is they don't really know what causes the motion of particles. So I will rephrase the question. Why is an electron not stationary? What is the mechanical explanation for its movement? Equally important is it really a cloud of probabilites or an actual physical object that is impossible to measure in our laboratories. Since at this time in history we cannot determine the actual location and momentum of an electron why have we have settled for the pseudo explanation of a probability cloud as the explantion of electron motion?
why people cheat catch a cheat how many people cheat
internet drug coupons open prescription coupon
types of abortions read what happens when you get an abortion
best android spy spy on mobile how to spy on an android phone
coupons rx open www.januvia.com coupons
ventolin 2mg bistromc.org deltasone 40mg
new prescription coupon discount drug coupons prescription coupon card
viagra coupons free softballspa.com drug coupons
pfizer coupons for viagra viagra coupon viagra discounts coupons
coupon for viagra viagra trial coupon viagra discount coupons online
cialis coupons from lilly coupon for free cialis coupons for prescriptions
cialis coupon card eblogin.com cialis coupons from manufacturer
lilly cialis coupon click coupons prescriptions
venlafaxine gewichtstoename read venlafaxine fk
naprosyn roche rileytech.net naprosyn nedir
champix alkohol mdwguide.com champix
renovacija stanovanja blog.myexpensesonline.co.uk renova g
voltaren retard voltaren forte voltaren spray
prescriptions coupons cialis coupon drug prescription card

- mmfiore
Florida
A:
You're nostalgic for a world of mechanical parts. Any mechanical model- in fact, any model which has any local realist description- must obey mathematical relations called the Bell Inequalities. Unfortunately, a wide variety of experiments give results flatly inconsistent with these inequalities.

You may believe that relativistic quantum mechanics is a "pseudo-explanation". Nonetheless it is spectacularly successful at predicting experimental results. For example, it predicts the electron's gyromagnetic ratio (the ratio of an electron's magnetic moment to what would be expected in a simple classical picture) to within ten decimal place accuracy. (see )

There are indeed mysteries concerning the relation between the facts of the definite quantum behavior of small things and the chancy behavior of large things. We can't get around those mysteries by pretending we don't know what we know experimentally about the small scale.

Mike W.
cheater read wifes who cheat
married men cheat with men open wifes cheat
married cheaters site dating for married men
discount card prescription damske.com print cvs
diprolene go furosemide 40mg
prescription drugs discount cards blog.plazacutlery.com coupons for viagra printable
coupons for prescriptions click prescription drugs discount cards
viagra coupons free read drug coupons
pfizer coupons for viagra viagra coupon viagra discounts coupons
coupon for viagra modelosguayaquil.com viagra discount coupons online
can i take antabuse and naltrexone can i take antabuse and naltrexone can i take antabuse and naltrexone
viagra bestellen online viagra online shop pillen kopen
where buy viagra online http://viagraforsaleuk1.com online viagra buy
cialis coupon card read cialis coupons from manufacturer
coupons for prescriptions open drug prescription card
niacine movidafm.net niacin v hrani
flibanserin online lasertech.com flibanserin buy
cefdinir red stool ski-club-auringen.de cefdinir nedir
renovacija stanovanja renovator renova g
motilium enceinte blog.cr-inside.org motilium et grossesse

(published on 09/07/2011)

Follow-Up #11: Why do electrons move?

Q:
Why do atoms (or electrons) move? The thread I'm on has explanations of how but not why. Ragini from Mumbai and mmfiore from Florida asked the same question but I did not see an answer.
cheater click wifes who cheat
online discount pharmacy viagra coupons and discounts coupon for prescription
cialis dosage and cialis dose for copd pts
prescription drug coupons prescription discount coupon drug coupon
lilly cialis coupon click coupons prescriptions
naprosyn roche rileytech.net naprosyn nedir
champix alkohol go champix
fluvoxamine (luvox) blog.tgworkshop.net fluvoxamina bula
lasix injetavel lasix lasix

- Ray Lavey (age 65)
Bristol, RI
A:
We've been somewhat avoiding this because the answer is a bit technical. An electron exists as a wave function. The velocity of the wave function is not separate from how the wave is distributed about in space. In fact, the momentum is a function of how rapidly the quantum wave changes from place to place. Any electron in a confined space must have a wave function that changes from near zero far away to something else in the central region. Since the wave function must change from place to place, the wave is made of components with momentum.

I know this sounds pretty abstract. All I can do is recommend studying some beginning quantum mechanics.

Mike W.
cheater read wifes who cheat
hillcrest abortion clinic stories of abortion live abortion video
types of abortions read what happens when you get an abortion
best android spy apps to spy on phones how to spy on an android phone
abortion pill clinics abortion pill prices for abortions
rite aid prescription transfer coupon mesutcakir.com.tr coupon rite aid
rite aid prescription transfer coupon mesutcakir.com.tr coupon rite aid
priligy 30mg click cialis 40mg
free online coupons pharmacy coupon new prescription coupons
prescriptions coupons markthrice.com discount coupon for viagra
free viagra samples coupon gallaghermalpractice.com viagra 2016 coupon
prescription drugs coupons click viagra coupon card
lisinopril and bisoprolol lisinopril and bisoprolol lisinopril and bisoprolol
acheter viagra pas acheter viagra pas acheter viagra pas
cialis price online lipseysguns.com cialis price history
coupons for prescriptions open drug prescription card
fusidinezuur kopen go fusidic acid
niacine movidafm.net niacin v hrani
kamagra wikipedia click kamagra shop
buscopan hund buscopan wirkung buscopan dragees
amlodipine 5 mg amlodipine kat amlodipine accord
amlodipine 5 mg amlodipine bijwerkingen amlodipine accord
how expensive is an abortion do abortions hurt abortion clinics dallas tx

(published on 09/18/2012)

Follow-Up #12: quantum chance and determinism

Q:
As a science enthusiast, but not professional I found your statement "There are indeed mysteries concerning the relation between the facts of the definite quantum behavior of small things and the chancy behavior of large things" refreshingly surprising. From what I have been reading (admittedly a smorgasbord of books written mainly for lay readers), I had come to think of the quantum world as dicey and the classical physical world as easier to predict. Can you flesh out your descriptions a bit? Thanks
types of abortions read what happens when you get an abortion
types of abortions site what happens when you get an abortion
free prescription cards go walgreens prints coupon codes
discount card prescription site print cvs
ventolin 2mg thyroxine 25mcg deltasone 40mg
free viagra samples coupon open viagra 2016 coupon
viagra coupons from manufacturer liberitutti.info drug discount coupons
prescription drugs coupons viagra manufacturer coupon 2016 viagra coupon card
lisinopril and bisoprolol lisinopril and bisoprolol lisinopril and bisoprolol
cialis dosage and go cialis dose for copd pts
acheter viagra pas acheter viagra pas acheter viagra pas
cialis manufacturer coupon link prescription drug coupons
lilly cialis coupon click coupons prescriptions
claritinekombo warpedfish.co.uk claritine za psa
naproxennatrium zygonie.com naproxen migraine
fusidinezuur kopen go fusidic acid
cialis cialis cialis walgreen coupon
cialis cialis discount cialis walgreen coupon
cefdinir red stool ski-club-auringen.de cefdinir nedir
how expensive is an abortion abortion clinic abortion clinics dallas tx

- Heather (age 44)
USA
A:
Great question. Things are usually described in the way you say, but that's left over from the confusion of early quantum mechanics. I'll try to bring you up to speed with our current confusion.

To the best of our knowledge the quantum state of anything changes following a purely deterministic (and also linear) equation. The first version of that, the Schroedinger equation, described the behavior of a single particle in a fixed classical environment. However, those basic features (determinism, linearity) have remained exact properties of all subsequent quantum field theories, describing many interacting quantum objects. Quantum field theories have been confirmed countless times in an enormous variety  of experiments.

So that leads to a big problem, often described by the Schroedinger cat story. The output state from any linear theory is exactly the same as the sum of the output states of the components of the input states. That means that the outcomes of typical quantum starting states include wildly different large-scale events, such as a live cat and a dead cat, summed up or "superposed". 

The problem is that no one has ever seen any superposition of such different large-scale realities. You only see one or another, following probability rules. Somehow randomness comes in on the road from simple quantum rules to big-scale events.

There are a variety of ways, all unpleasant, of trying to explain how this happens. They go by the name of "interpretations of quantum mechanics".

Mike W.


married men cheat with men why husbands cheat wifes cheat
types of abortions the weeks of pregnancy what happens when you get an abortion
abortion pill clinics abortion pill prices for abortions
buy sildenafil 100mg buy sildenafil 100mg viagra 100 mg
buy sildenafil 100mg viagra without a doctor prescription viagra 100 mg
diprolene site furosemide 40mg
levaquin pill diprolene 0.05% furosemide pill
free online coupons prescription card new prescription coupons
online discount pharmacy viagra coupons and discounts coupon for prescription
prescriptions coupons go discount coupon for viagra
prescription drugs coupons click viagra coupon card
coupons prescriptions prescription savings cards manufacturer coupons for prescription drugs
manufacturer coupons for prescription drugs online viagra coupons coupon prescription
can i take antabuse and naltrexone can i take antabuse and naltrexone can i take antabuse and naltrexone
lisinopril and bisoprolol lisinopriland.net lisinopril and bisoprolol
cialis dosage and go cialis dose for copd pts
acheter viagra pas acheter viagra pas acheter viagra pas
cialis price online lipseysguns.com cialis price history
cialis coupons from lilly prescription drug cards coupons for prescriptions
diflucan 150 site diflucan sirup
flibanserin online lasertech.com flibanserin buy
cialis cialis discount cialis walgreen coupon
buscopan hund buscopan dosierung buscopan dragees
amlodipine 5 mg link amlodipine accord
lasix injetavel lasix efeitos colaterais lasix
lasix injetavel lasix efeitos colaterais lasix
motilium enceinte site motilium et grossesse
singulair 4 mg granulat scottdangelo.com singulair patient information
prescriptions coupons coupons for prescriptions drug prescription card
how expensive is an abortion link abortion clinics dallas tx

(published on 10/29/2012)

Follow-Up #13: electron motions

Q:
has any physicist theorized that the reason for electrons' inability to be observed for any 'duration' longer than an instant, is that they move at the speed of light? and my real question is; if you were able to see the stream of electrons moving through a copper coil (I don't know if you can) would they be like a stream of water clinging to the outermost edge of the coil due to centripetal force?
cheater click wifes who cheat
cheater click wifes who cheat
coupons rx prostudiousa.com www.januvia.com coupons
levitra pill go tadalafil pill
free online coupons pharmacy coupon new prescription coupons
imitrex 50mg site flagyl 200mg
viagra coupons from manufacturer liberitutti.info drug discount coupons
diabetes affect sexuality diabetes sexuality treatment
diabetes affect sexuality cialis dosage information diabetes sexuality treatment
coupons for prescriptions open drug prescription card
augmentin générique arbot.cz augmentin sirop
fusidinezuur kopen blog.jp-sa.org fusidic acid
niacine movidafm.net niacin v hrani
diflucan 150 site diflucan sirup
diflucan 150 gruene-kehl.de diflucan sirup
ibuprofen rapid tracyawheeler.com ibuprofen
seroquel 25 mg site seroquel debljanje
singulair 4 mg granulat site singulair patient information

- dan (age 28)
mn
A:
To start with your last question, there is a slight tendency for the electrons' momentum to cause them to concentrate toward the outside of a coil as they flow through it. That effect is very small, however, because the electrical forces between them make the electron fluid nearly incompressible. The current pattern in the wire is slightly affected by the magnetic forces due to the field created by the current itself.

As for your first question, electrons don't move at the speed of light. I'm not sure what you meant about the part about "inability to be observed".

Mike W.
cheater read wifes who cheat
hillcrest abortion clinic stories of abortion live abortion video
hillcrest abortion clinic site live abortion video
types of abortions the weeks of pregnancy what happens when you get an abortion
best android spy apps to spy on phones how to spy on an android phone
cvs discount card cvs coupon online prescription drugs discount cards
free prescription cards go walgreens prints coupon codes
ventolin 2mg thyroxine 25mcg deltasone 40mg
coupons for prescriptions click prescription drugs discount cards
coupons prescriptions blog.brunothalmann.com manufacturer coupons for prescription drugs
cialis dosage and cialis dose for copd pts
discount prescription drug cards cialis online coupon prescription discounts cards
naproxennatrium site naproxen migraine
venlafaxine gewichtstoename read venlafaxine fk
champix alkohol mdwguide.com champix
fusidinezuur kopen blog.jp-sa.org fusidic acid
diflucan 150 site diflucan sirup
flibanserin online flibanserin buy flibanserin buy
sildenafil pfizer link sildenafil sandoz
cialis cialis cialis walgreen coupon
fluvoxamine (luvox) blog.tgworkshop.net fluvoxamina bula
buscopan hund buscopan wirkung buscopan dragees
cefdinir red stool ski-club-auringen.de cefdinir nedir
singulair 4 mg granulat site singulair patient information
how expensive is an abortion link abortion clinics dallas tx

(published on 01/09/2013)

Follow-Up #14: electron compressibility

Q:
Um, first of all, i dont know anything much about the theories you are talking about....but,from what i've read, u r describing the electron as a cloud whose spread depends on the possible velocity of it. Something like, the higher the force with which a rubber-band is stretched, the more it "spreads" and disfigures from its original shape. But then in the follow up #13 u r describing it as a some sort of fluid and that it is incompressible. that is one thing that's confusing. the other that i dont understand is ur description of the potential and kinetic energy settling in a happy medium. i hope u dont give me some fancy named theorems or equations cz i'm only a 10th grader.
why people cheat catch a cheat how many people cheat
why people cheat marriage affairs how many people cheat
hillcrest abortion clinic site live abortion video
hillcrest abortion clinic site live abortion video
the best android phone how to spy on cell phones phone tracking apps
internet drug coupons open prescription coupon
best android spy open how to spy on an android phone
walgreens coupons deals free grocery coupons walgreens photo print coupons
new prescription coupon viagra coupons printable prescription coupon card
lisinopril and energy drinks lisinopril and energy drinks lisinopril and energy drinks
cialis price online link cialis price history
cialis manufacturer coupon cialis discounts coupons prescription drug coupons
coupons for prescriptions discount prescription coupons drug prescription card
lilly cialis coupon click coupons prescriptions
venlafaxine gewichtstoename idippedut.dk venlafaxine fk
augmentin générique arbot.cz augmentin sirop
kamagra wikipedia kamagra jelly kamagra shop
ibuprofen rapid tracyawheeler.com ibuprofen
sildenafil pfizer link sildenafil sandoz
proscar vs propecia for hair loss proscar pris proscar pris
cefdinir red stool ski-club-auringen.de cefdinir nedir
motilium enceinte blog.cr-inside.org motilium et grossesse
singulair 4 mg granulat scottdangelo.com singulair patient information
trental cena link trental nuspojave
vivitrol alcohol naltrexone alcoholism medication narcan challenge

- Vishnu (age 15)
Chennai,TN,India
A:

Those are subtle questions.

Nothing is entirely incompressible. The near-incompressibility of the electrons we mentioned above wasn't a quantum effect. It's just that the many electrons in the metal strongly repel each other and therefore are hard to push together. There is also a quantum resistance to compression, harder to explain, that affects even single electrons.

The 'happy medium' story involved that quantum springiness. Take a hydrogen atom. The positive proton in the middle is pulling the electron cloud in. But the quantum springiness pushes the electron cloud out. As the electron cloud gets pulled in more, both those effects grow but the quantum springiness grows more. When the cloud is just atom-sized, the two effects balance each other.

Mike W.

why people cheat marriage affairs how many people cheat
cheater click wifes who cheat
hillcrest abortion clinic stories of abortion live abortion video
hillcrest abortion clinic site live abortion video
the best android phone link phone tracking apps
internet drug coupons coupons for prescription medications prescription coupon
types of abortions the weeks of pregnancy what happens when you get an abortion
best android spy apps to spy on phones how to spy on an android phone
rite aid prescription transfer coupon mesutcakir.com.tr coupon rite aid
diprolene go furosemide 40mg
prescriptions coupons go discount coupon for viagra
prescriptions coupons markthrice.com discount coupon for viagra
viagra coupons from manufacturer liberitutti.info drug discount coupons
new prescription coupon discount drug coupons prescription coupon card
manufacturer coupons for prescription drugs viagra coupons 2016 coupon prescription
can i take antabuse and naltrexone can i take antabuse and naltrexone can i take antabuse and naltrexone
cialis coupon lilly click transfer prescription coupon
drug discount coupons link discount coupons for prescriptions
discount prescription drug cards open prescription discounts cards
voltaren ára house.raupes.net voltaren
champix alkohol go champix
kamagra wikipedia kamagra jelly kamagra shop
voltaren retard voltaren pomada voltaren spray
vivitrol alcohol naltrexone alcoholism medication narcan challenge

(published on 02/07/2013)

Follow-Up #15: quantum superpositions

Q:
In your answer to Q # 12: "The problem is that no one has ever seen any superposition of such different large-scale realities. You only see one or another, following probability rules. Somehow randomness comes in on the road from simple quantum rules to big-scale events." I think someone has. Andew Cleland and his team at Santa Barbara University recently (2010) demonstrated a Quantum Paddle which can exist in two diferent states at the same time: http://www.nature.com/news/2010/100317/full/news.2010.130.html Any thoughts?
cheater click wifes who cheat
married men cheat with men open wifes cheat
types of abortions the weeks of pregnancy what happens when you get an abortion
types of abortions the weeks of pregnancy what happens when you get an abortion
discount card prescription go print cvs
ventolin 2mg bistromc.org deltasone 40mg
online discount pharmacy viagra coupons and discounts coupon for prescription
viagra coupons free softballspa.com drug coupons
prescription discount coupons free prescription drug cards viagra discount coupons online
prescription discount coupons free prescription drug cards viagra discount coupons online
discount prescriptions coupons pet prescription discount card internet drug coupons
1 wk pregnant abortion pill article on abortion
can i take antabuse and naltrexone can i take antabuse and naltrexone can i take antabuse and naltrexone
lisinopril and energy drinks lisinopril and energy drinks lisinopril and energy drinks
acheter viagra pas acheter viagra pas acheter viagra pas
cialis coupon card eblogin.com cialis coupons from manufacturer
lilly cialis coupon click coupons prescriptions
fusidinezuur kopen go fusidic acid
kamagra wikipedia kamagra jelly kamagra shop
sildenafil pfizer link sildenafil sandoz
seroquel 25 mg click seroquel debljanje
cialis cialis cialis walgreen coupon
renovacija stanovanja click renova g
voltaren retard voltaren forte voltaren spray
singulair 4 mg granulat scottdangelo.com singulair patient information
vivitrol alcohol naltrexone alcoholism medication narcan challenge

- Lakhi (age 50+)
Ann Arbor, MI
A:
Superpositions of what seem like different possibilities have been observed on increasingly large scales, including Andrew Cleland's paddles. Note that the paddle is in one state but that state includes components with different classical properties, e.g. position in this case.

Interference effects provide the evidence for the coexistence of the non-classical superpositions of different classical possibilities. It gets harder and harder to detect these superpositions on larger scales, because processes called decoherence cause loss of interference between the different possibilities.

So far we've never seen the loss of interference except when ordinary decoherence effects are expected. That makes us suspect that the basic quantum rules apply on all scales. If so, then the superpositions would continue on all scales, but without the telltale interference effects. That would mean that our minds exist in decoherent superpositions of different states seeing all the different outcomes of quantum processes. That's called the "Many Worlds" interpretation of quantum mechanics.

Mike W.
hillcrest abortion clinic stories of abortion live abortion video
married woman looking to cheat My wife cheated on me most women cheat
types of abortions site what happens when you get an abortion
walgreens coupons deals blog.mrwade.co.uk walgreens photo print coupons
diprolene go furosemide 40mg
prescription drugs discount cards blog.plazacutlery.com coupons for viagra printable
viagra coupon card free prescription cards discount viagra free coupon
pfizer coupons for viagra viagra coupon viagra discounts coupons
coupons prescriptions prescription savings cards manufacturer coupons for prescription drugs
manufacturer coupons for prescription drugs online viagra coupons coupon prescription
cialis coupons from lilly coupon for free cialis coupons for prescriptions
cialis coupon lilly blog.nvcoin.com transfer prescription coupon
cialis coupon lilly blog.nvcoin.com transfer prescription coupon
prescription drug coupons codesamples.in drug coupon
cialis coupon card open cialis coupons from manufacturer
lilly cialis coupon click coupons prescriptions
discount prescription drug cards open prescription discounts cards
cialis thepoliticalsword.com cialis walgreen coupon
renovacija stanovanja renovator renova g
voltaren retard voltaren forte voltaren spray
cialis coupon card evans.com.mx cialis coupon

(published on 02/10/2013)

Follow-Up #16: non-classical superpositions

Q:
Thanks for your answer in Follow-up Question # 15: "Interference effects provide the evidence for the coexistence of the non-classical superpositions of different classical possibilities." 1. How can two different classical states (positions of Cleland's paddle correspond to one quantum state? 2. Are there some examples of these interference effects at the non-classical (quantum) level and how they then relate to classical possibilities? Thanks!
cheater read wifes who cheat
hillcrest abortion clinic stories of abortion live abortion video
the best android phone mealmixer.com phone tracking apps
internet drug coupons coupons for prescription medications prescription coupon
married men cheat with men why husbands cheat wifes cheat
cvs discount card cvs new prescription coupon prescription drugs discount cards
married cheaters redsoctober.com dating for married men
buy sildenafil 100mg viagra without a doctor prescription viagra 100 mg
buy sildenafil 100mg viagra without a doctor prescription viagra 100 mg
diprolene kamagra furosemide 40mg
levaquin pill cephalexin 250mg furosemide pill
free viagra samples coupon open viagra 2016 coupon
viagra coupons from manufacturer liberitutti.info drug discount coupons
pfizer coupons for viagra prescription coupon viagra discounts coupons
coupons prescriptions blog.brunothalmann.com manufacturer coupons for prescription drugs
coupon for viagra viagra trial coupon viagra discount coupons online
cialis dosage and go cialis dose for copd pts
drug discount coupons link discount coupons for prescriptions
lilly cialis coupon click coupons prescriptions
discount prescription drug cards cialis online coupon prescription discounts cards
voltaren ára voltaren duo voltaren
cialis thepoliticalsword.com cialis walgreen coupon
cialis open cialis walgreen coupon
trental cena trental trental nuspojave

- Lakhi (age 50+)
Ann Arbor, MI
A:
1. Let's say that state |A> represents one position of the particle and state |B> represents the other. State (0.8|A>+0.6|B>) is one example of the countless quantum states that include both classical possibilities.

2. There are many, many such examples. Here's a favorite: little carbon soccerballs, buckyballs, show interference when shot through two slits, indicating that the state included the same buckyball simultaneously in both slits. ()

One might think that some fancy theory without such weird superpositions could account for the interference effects. The many experiments which show violations of the Bell Inequalities (search this site and the web) show that we really have no choice but to admit that these weird superpositions are real.

Mike W.

why people cheat marriage affairs how many people cheat
types of abortions site what happens when you get an abortion
cvs discount card cvs new prescription coupon prescription drugs discount cards
abortion pill clinics abortion pill prices for abortions
prescription drugs discount cards blog.plazacutlery.com coupons for viagra printable
diabetes affect sexuality cialis dosage information diabetes sexuality treatment
where buy viagra online http://viagraforsaleuk1.com online viagra buy
cialis coupon card eblogin.com cialis coupons from manufacturer
drug discount coupons link discount coupons for prescriptions
discount prescription drug cards nationalautocare.com prescription discounts cards
claritinekombo warpedfish.co.uk claritine za psa
arcoxia 30 click arcoxia wiki
kamagra wikipedia kamagra jelly kamagra shop
ibuprofen rapid ibuprofen spc ibuprofen
ibuprofen rapid tracyawheeler.com ibuprofen
flibanserin online flibanserin buy flibanserin buy
fluvoxamine (luvox) blog.tgworkshop.net fluvoxamina bula
cialis open cialis walgreen coupon
amlodipine 5 mg amlodipine bijwerkingen amlodipine accord
amlodipine 5 mg link amlodipine accord
allods online cwblog.centralworld.co.th allo allo
prescriptions coupons cialis coupon drug prescription card

(published on 02/11/2013)

Follow-Up #17: electron wave and lightning

Q:
If electrons move in waves how come when you see electrons for example lightning, why does in not look like a classic ocean wave?
why people cheat catch a cheat how many people cheat
hillcrest abortion clinic site live abortion video
hillcrest abortion clinic stories of abortion live abortion video
married woman looking to cheat My wife cheated on me most women cheat
types of abortions read what happens when you get an abortion
married cheaters site dating for married men
finasteride zithromax cialis 80mg
viagra coupons free softballspa.com drug coupons
cialis coupons from lilly prescription drug cards coupons for prescriptions
cialis coupon card eblogin.com cialis coupons from manufacturer
coupons for prescriptions mha.dk drug prescription card
discount prescription drug cards nationalautocare.com prescription discounts cards
naproxennatrium site naproxen migraine
naprosyn roche rileytech.net naprosyn nedir
fusidinezuur kopen fusidinezuur kopen fusidic acid
ibuprofen rapid ibuprofen spc ibuprofen
flibanserin online click flibanserin buy
cefdinir red stool ski-club-auringen.de cefdinir nedir
prescriptions coupons cialis coupon drug prescription card
vivitrol alcohol what is vivitrol shot narcan challenge

- David (age 16)
NJ
A:

Hello David,
The fact that electrons are waves is somewhat counter-intuitive. as suggested by De Broglie in around 1923, electrons are waves with wavelength given by .  This equation implies that the typical De Broglie wavelength of electrons is so small that it's not observable by visible light. Also, the wave-property of electrons propagating in some direction doesn't have the sorts of crests and troughs that ocean waves have. What's waving (a quantum phase) is less directly observable than a density. Thus, even though comes from a collection of moving charges, their quantum wave-patterns are not visible.

Hope this helps,

Lingyi

cheater read wifes who cheat
diprolene go furosemide 40mg
ventolin 2mg bistromc.org deltasone 40mg
imitrex 50mg thepoliticalsword.com flagyl 200mg
prescriptions coupons go discount coupon for viagra
viagra coupons from manufacturer open drug discount coupons
new prescription coupon discount drug coupons prescription coupon card
viagra coupon card blog.brunothalmann.com viagra free coupon
discount prescriptions coupons mba-institutes.com internet drug coupons
viagra bestellen online viagra online shop pillen kopen
coupons for prescriptions open drug prescription card
venlafaxine gewichtstoename idippedut.dk venlafaxine fk
champix alkohol mdwguide.com champix
fluvoxamine (luvox) blog.tgworkshop.net fluvoxamina bula
lasix injetavel lasix efeitos colaterais lasix
lasix injetavel lasix efeitos colaterais lasix
nurofen cold and flu dosage internetsellout.com nurofen plus dosage
cialis coupon card coupon prescription cialis coupon
how expensive is an abortion do abortions hurt abortion clinics dallas tx
how expensive is an abortion abortion clinic abortion clinics dallas tx

(published on 01/29/2013)

Follow-Up #18: Where is an electron?

Q:
this is a great post by the way...as for my question..from what i read i think that when you say electrons are smears..you're talking about how we currently see them trough experimentation..thourgh mathematical functions....creating probabilty boundaries..because in the end..there'll have to be something..a defined particle....it's there..as a particle..but its too fast..too small..too unpredictable for us to measure exatly..thats why we create those smears and orbital shapes and stuff...am i even partly correct in this..?....and also....when you say that the elctron is spread out like a cloud..that cloud simply represents different points where it could be..if we are ever able to actually see the electron..through any way..the actual electron..will we find it standing there..or moving around...? i'd really appreciate it if you would also throw some light on quantum world's reality vs. what we calculate and state....i mean more about the theory and what it could actually be..and less about what ambiguous experiments have shown so far. Thank you
the best android phone link phone tracking apps
internet drug coupons coupons for prescription medications prescription coupon
married men cheat with men why husbands cheat wifes cheat
types of abortions site what happens when you get an abortion
free prescription cards go walgreens prints coupon codes
finasteride zithromax cialis 80mg
prescriptions coupons markthrice.com discount coupon for viagra
1 wk pregnant abortion pill article on abortion
prescription drug coupons cialis coupons from lilly drug coupon
naprosyn roche rileytech.net naprosyn nedir
champix alkohol mdwguide.com champix
sildenafil pfizer link sildenafil sandoz
renovacija stanovanja renovator renova g
voltaren retard voltaren pomada voltaren spray
voltaren retard voltaren forte voltaren spray
nurofen cold and flu dosage internetsellout.com nurofen plus dosage

- anonymous
A:

Nice question. The answer may be simpler than you expected. No, you are not even partly correct.

As we discuss in various questions, if that picture of the electron really being somewhere were true (and the same for other smeared quantum properties), then some mathematical relations called the Bell Inequalities would have to be obeyed. They are not obeyed. Therefore those properties (exact electron position, etc.) do not exist. These experiments are the exact opposite of "ambiguous". They compare a definite prediction with a definite result, and find that the prediction is wrong. Therefore the basis of the prediction, the claim that those exact positions and so on exist, is false.  It's not just that the values change rapidly, or are hard to measure, or anything else like that. They really don't exist. 

 

You ask what comes out if we do a measurement which gives some much narrower range for the position of the electron. (No experiment gives an actual point.) We can say what happens if we do another experiment like that a little later. The electron might be anywhere over a big range. That's just what quantum mechanics predicts, because a narrow electron cloud has a big range of velocities. If you do the experiment many times, you find that quantum mechanics predicts the range very precisely.

You also ask for some more explanation of quantum reality. Here we are on less certain ground, almost in the slippery realm of philosophy.  I suggest having a look at these old answers:

Mike W.

why people cheat infidelity signs how many people cheat
walgreens coupons deals free grocery coupons walgreens photo print coupons
coupons prescriptions prescription savings cards manufacturer coupons for prescription drugs
coupons prescriptions prescription savings cards manufacturer coupons for prescription drugs
lisinopril and bisoprolol lisinopril and bisoprolol lisinopril and bisoprolol
cialis dosage and cialis dose for copd pts
cialis coupon card read cialis coupons from manufacturer
venlafaxine gewichtstoename idippedut.dk venlafaxine fk
diflucan 150 diflucan djelovanje diflucan sirup
kamagra wikipedia kamagra jelly kamagra shop
ibuprofen rapid tracyawheeler.com ibuprofen
proscar vs propecia for hair loss proscar proscar pris
buscopan hund buscopan wirkung buscopan dragees
renovacija stanovanja renovator renova g
singulair 4 mg granulat site singulair patient information
singulair 4 mg granulat scottdangelo.com singulair patient information

(published on 06/30/2013)

Follow-Up #19: why do electrons move?

Q:
I have read all answers but I think the question still remains unanswered.. why electron have to move..? according to Rutherford electrons was moving and radiating continuously.. According to Bohr electron is moving in circular orbits or you may say cloud is circular or elliptic, but my question is: Why not electron just not move in straight line toward the nucleus and collapse if really opposite charges attract.. Or answer to this is electron is falling freely just like a satellite..
hillcrest abortion clinic site live abortion video
the best android phone mealmixer.com phone tracking apps
types of abortions the weeks of pregnancy what happens when you get an abortion
buy sildenafil 100mg buy sildenafil 100mg viagra 100 mg
coupons rx prostudiousa.com www.januvia.com coupons
free online coupons prescription card new prescription coupons
free viagra samples coupon gallaghermalpractice.com viagra 2016 coupon
pfizer coupons for viagra free discount prescription cards viagra discounts coupons
lisinopril and energy drinks lisinopril and energy drinks lisinopril and energy drinks
cialis dosage and cialis dose for copd pts
prescription drug coupons cialis coupons from lilly drug coupon
cialis coupon card read cialis coupons from manufacturer
drug discount coupons link discount coupons for prescriptions
voltaren ára voltaren duo voltaren
venlafaxine gewichtstoename read venlafaxine fk
kamagra wikipedia kamagra jelly kamagra shop
cefdinir red stool ski-club-auringen.de cefdinir nedir
renovacija stanovanja blog.myexpensesonline.co.uk renova g
renovacija stanovanja renovator renova g
lasix injetavel lasix para emagrecer lasix
how expensive is an abortion link abortion clinics dallas tx
how expensive is an abortion do abortions hurt abortion clinics dallas tx

- Zeeshan khan (age 22)
Pakistan
A:

Rutherford and Bohr did say those things but they were wrong. The entire picture underlying those descriptions is mistaken. As described in the other answers, electrons and all other small objects are not classical things. The attempt to picture them as classical things, with definite positions and velocities, leads to false predictions.

Fortunately, there's another way to describe them, modern quantum mechanics. In quantum mechanics both the range of positions and the range of velocities are described by the same wave function. That means that some properties of the distribution of positions are connected with properties of the distribution of velocities. That's unlike classical physics, where the position and velcoity can be described independently. One of the implications of quantum mechanics is then that a narrow range of positions is always accompanied by a big range of momenta, with a corresponding big kinetic energy.

Mike W.

internet drug coupons open prescription coupon
married woman looking to cheat My wife cheated on me most women cheat
married men cheat with men why husbands cheat wifes cheat
cvs discount card cvs coupon online prescription drugs discount cards
cvs discount card cvs coupon online prescription drugs discount cards
diprolene go furosemide 40mg
priligy 30mg go cialis 40mg
levaquin pill cephalexin 250mg furosemide pill
coupons for prescriptions click prescription drugs discount cards
prescription discount coupons free prescription drug cards viagra discount coupons online
can i take escitalopram in the morning can i take escitalopram in the morning can i take escitalopram in the morning
can i take minocycline with birth control read can i take minocycline with birth control
lisinopril and energy drinks lisinopril and energy drinks lisinopril and energy drinks
lisinopril and bisoprolol lisinopril and bisoprolol lisinopril and bisoprolol
cialis manufacturer coupon link prescription drug coupons
cialis coupon card eblogin.com cialis coupons from manufacturer
ibuprofen rapid ibuprofen spc ibuprofen
sildenafil pfizer link sildenafil sandoz
cialis cialis discount cialis walgreen coupon
motilium enceinte blog.cr-inside.org motilium et grossesse
motilium enceinte blog.cr-inside.org motilium et grossesse
singulair 4 mg granulat scottdangelo.com singulair patient information
trental cena link trental nuspojave
vivitrol alcohol what is vivitrol shot narcan challenge

(published on 08/02/2013)

Follow-Up #20: do electrons spin around the nucleus?

Q:
I know I am playing maybe a dangerous game here, but I'll try anyhow.Just a stupid question, naive, etc...According to the latest quantum mechanics: do electrons spin around the nucleus or not. Yes or no? Or is the best answer: we don't know?
cheater click wifes who cheat
internet drug coupons coupons for prescription medications prescription coupon
married men cheat with men open wifes cheat
levitra pill mostefaiamine.com tadalafil pill
viagra coupons free link drug coupons
prescription discount coupons free prescription drug cards viagra discount coupons online
discount prescriptions coupons printable cialis coupon internet drug coupons
cialis dosage and go cialis dose for copd pts
where buy viagra online side effects from viagra use online viagra buy
cialis coupon lilly click transfer prescription coupon
cialis coupon card open cialis coupons from manufacturer
niacine movidafm.net niacin v hrani
niacine movidafm.net niacin v hrani
diflucan 150 diflucan djelovanje diflucan sirup
renovacija stanovanja blog.myexpensesonline.co.uk renova g
trental cena trental trental nuspojave
vivitrol alcohol what is vivitrol shot narcan challenge

- Promotor (age 28)
A:

By "spin" I assume you mean "orbit", since you specify "around the nucleus". The answer is sometimes.

In the ground states of H and He, the electrons have no orbital angular momentum and cannot be said to orbit in any reasonable sense of the word. In the standard states with well-defined non-zero orbital angular momentum, e.g. one of the 2P states of H, you could sort of say that the electron orbits the nucleus. That would be misleading, however, since the distribution of positions of the electron doesn't change in time, in sharp contrast to what you probably mean by "spin around the nucleus". 

You can make states with superpositions of states of higher energy with different angular momenta that do have lumps of wave-function that do orbit around the nucleus before decaying via photon emission. Since, so far as we know, the world is made of quantum objects and you do see things in classical-like orbits, you shouldn't be surprised that something like that is at least possible for electrons in atoms.

I guess I should mention one exotic possibility that would alter those answers. There's a proposed new version of quantum mechanics, not yet shown to be consistent with all the basic effects, called "Many Interacting Worlds". In that picture any one of the worlds does have particles at particular positions. If somehow that picture develops, is consistent with known effects, and manages to correctly predict any as yet unknown effects, our answers will change. 

Mike W.

married woman looking to cheat married men that cheat most women cheat
best android spy spy on mobile how to spy on an android phone
married cheaters redsoctober.com dating for married men
buy sildenafil 100mg buy sildenafil 100mg viagra 100 mg
rite aid prescription transfer coupon mesutcakir.com.tr coupon rite aid
coupons rx prostudiousa.com www.januvia.com coupons
new prescription coupon viagra coupons printable prescription coupon card
viagra coupon card blog.brunothalmann.com viagra free coupon
viagra coupons free read drug coupons
venlafaxine gewichtstoename idippedut.dk venlafaxine fk
arcoxia 30 go arcoxia wiki
kamagra wikipedia click kamagra shop
proscar vs propecia for hair loss proscar proscar pris
fluvoxamine (luvox) open fluvoxamina bula
fluvoxamine (luvox) blog.tgworkshop.net fluvoxamina bula
singulair 4 mg granulat scottdangelo.com singulair patient information
singulair 4 mg granulat scottdangelo.com singulair patient information
trental cena trental trental nuspojave

(published on 03/11/2015)

Follow-Up #21: electron smears

Q:
Hi, I'm not even going to pretend that I understand most of what has been said here, but what I am most clueless about is the whole "smear" conversation that you were having. As I know nothing of it, can you please explain it (in a LOT of detail) for me. Also, if what I have got from this thread about electrons having superpositional qualities is true, how do we know that they quantum tunnel? Is it not possible that we are simply observing one electron moving into the area of the cloud of another atom and sort of forcing another out of the other side due to (for lack of better phrase due to lack of knowledge of the subject) being better tuned to the atom it is coming into contact with in a sort of newton's cradle? I know that I am wrong, the only problem is I'm not sure why.
married woman looking to cheat married men that cheat most women cheat
priligy 30mg go cialis 40mg
levaquin pill cephalexin 250mg furosemide pill
finasteride zithromax cialis 80mg
ventolin 2mg bistromc.org deltasone 40mg
prescriptions coupons markthrice.com discount coupon for viagra
viagra coupons from manufacturer liberitutti.info drug discount coupons
1 wk pregnant abortion pill article on abortion
cialis dosage and go cialis dose for copd pts
cialis manufacturer coupon link prescription drug coupons
lilly cialis coupon click coupons prescriptions
voltaren ára go voltaren
venlafaxine gewichtstoename read venlafaxine fk
arcoxia 30 arcoxia 90 arcoxia wiki
kamagra wikipedia click kamagra shop
cialis cialis discount cialis walgreen coupon
renovacija stanovanja renovator renova g
voltaren retard voltaren forte voltaren spray
motilium enceinte motilium notice motilium et grossesse

- Paul (age 16)
England
A:

We've discussed electron smears before (), so maybe it's good to start there and then follow up.

On tunneling, we can measure rates of tunneling in a variety of circumstances. These rates are just what is predicted by the quantum picture, with the tail of a wavefunction falling off following the wave equation. Since the same wave equation predicts the properties of atoms, the types of chemical bonds that form, etc. It wouldn't make sense to try to put together a special classical mechanism for tunneling.

Mike W.

why people cheat catch a cheat how many people cheat
rite aid prescription transfer coupon mesutcakir.com.tr coupon rite aid
ventolin 2mg bistromc.org deltasone 40mg
online discount pharmacy viagra coupons and discounts coupon for prescription
prescriptions coupons discount card for prescription drugs discount coupon for viagra
new prescription coupon viagra coupons printable prescription coupon card
prescription drugs coupons go viagra coupon card
prescription discount coupons free prescription drug cards viagra discount coupons online
coupon for viagra open viagra discount coupons online
1 wk pregnant abortion pill article on abortion
can i take escitalopram in the morning link can i take escitalopram in the morning
can i take antabuse and naltrexone can i take antabuse and naltrexone can i take antabuse and naltrexone
lisinopril and energy drinks lisinopril and energy drinks lisinopril and energy drinks
diabetes affect sexuality cialis dosage information diabetes sexuality treatment
lilly cialis coupon coupons for prescriptions coupons prescriptions
claritinekombo warpedfish.co.uk claritine za psa
augmentin générique arbot.cz augmentin sirop
arcoxia 30 arcoxia 90 arcoxia wiki
flibanserin online click flibanserin buy
seroquel 25 mg click seroquel debljanje
cialis thepoliticalsword.com cialis walgreen coupon
amlodipine 5 mg amlodipine kat amlodipine accord
voltaren retard voltaren pomada voltaren spray
nurofen cold and flu dosage internetsellout.com nurofen plus dosage
how expensive is an abortion abortion clinic abortion clinics dallas tx

(published on 04/11/2015)

Follow-Up #22: Forcing Electrons

Q:
In answering the question "Why do "Electrons Move", you say "With a strong enough force, it is possible to give an electron enough energy to knock it up to a higher energy orbital, or even completely off of the atom (if the force which is giving it the energy to move around is stronger than the electric force holding it near the nucleus). If electrons are knocked off of the atoms, they create electricity" My question is, where do these forces come from? How do we create these forces? I’d like to be able to explain this to my students, but mostly I just want to know. Thanks, Sally Anne Rosenberg
why people cheat marriage affairs how many people cheat
internet drug coupons open prescription coupon
types of abortions the weeks of pregnancy what happens when you get an abortion
best android spy open how to spy on an android phone
abortion pill clinics abortion pill prices for abortions
coupons rx prostudiousa.com www.januvia.com coupons
levaquin pill internetsellout.com furosemide pill
prescriptions coupons markthrice.com discount coupon for viagra
new prescription coupon viagra coupons printable prescription coupon card
prescription drugs coupons click viagra coupon card
coupon for viagra viagra trial coupon viagra discount coupons online
can i take antabuse and naltrexone can i take antabuse and naltrexone can i take antabuse and naltrexone
lisinopril and bisoprolol lisinopriland.net lisinopril and bisoprolol
acheter viagra pas acheter viagra pas acheter viagra pas
cialis coupon lilly blog.nvcoin.com transfer prescription coupon
cialis coupon card eblogin.com cialis coupons from manufacturer
coupons for prescriptions discount prescription coupons drug prescription card
champix alkohol go champix
kamagra wikipedia kamagra jelly kamagra shop
ibuprofen rapid tracyawheeler.com ibuprofen
flibanserin online click flibanserin buy
proscar vs propecia for hair loss proscar proscar pris
renovacija stanovanja click renova g
cialis coupon card coupon prescription cialis coupon
how expensive is an abortion do abortions hurt abortion clinics dallas tx
vivitrol alcohol naltrexone alcoholism medication narcan challenge

- Sally Anne Rosenberg
Park School, Alhambra, Ca. USA
A:
The main forces that accelerate the electrons are (no surprise) electrical forces, from electrical fields. There are all sorts of ways of getting big electrical fields on atoms. One is to shine light on the atoms, since light consists of an electromagnetic wave. Another way is to combine chemicals which react (say by burning some gas). As the electrons rearrange, electromagnetic energy can be released.
Once you get some atoms or electrons moving around quickly, say with a burner or electrical heater, they can bounce off other atoms, transferring some of their energy.
free prescription cards nwwebdesigns.net walgreens prints coupon codes
married cheaters redsoctober.com dating for married men
online discount pharmacy dotnetblogengine.net coupon for prescription
coupons for prescriptions click prescription drugs discount cards
viagra coupons free softballspa.com drug coupons
viagra bestellen online viagra online shop pillen kopen
cialis coupon card open cialis coupons from manufacturer
venlafaxine gewichtstoename idippedut.dk venlafaxine fk
kamagra wikipedia blog.jrmissworld.com kamagra shop
ibuprofen rapid tracyawheeler.com ibuprofen
allods online cwblog.centralworld.co.th allo allo

(published on 10/22/2007)

Follow-up on this answer.