Learn more physics!
Hi =) I know that you have answered several questions on how to make a permanant magnet. But would you be able to tell me how to make a temporary magnet?? The kind that when you turn on the battery, it becomes a magnet, and when you turn it off, it no longer is one?? And where I can find materials?? It is for a science project and I have no clue where to start.
- stephen (age 15)
upstate New York
This one is easy. Just make a coil of many turns of wire. When current
flows through it, it's a magnet. A small battery can be used to supply
the electrical current. You may want a variable resistor in series to
control the amount of current and to keep the battery from wearing out
too fast. To make your temporary magnet stronger, you can wrap the
coils around a piece of iron or steel. But you will probably end up
magnetizing the iron, thus making a permanent magnet in the process.
You can find all this stuff at an electronics supply shop, or even a
Mike W. (and Tom)
(republished on 08/02/06)
Follow-Up #1: electromagnet pictures
SHOW ME SOME DIGRAMS demonstrating how to make a temporary magnet
- SSERUGO HUZAIFA (age 14)
Follow-Up #2: magnet wire
Why should we use only an insulated wire to make an electromagnet.Cant we use directly a wire which is made of a conductor?
- Prudhvi Raj Borra (age 16)
Sure, the wire itself must be a conductor. The insulation just wraps around the wire, so that the current has to flow through the wire instead of leaking from one wire over to the one next to it.
(published on 08/30/09)
Follow-Up #3: re-entrant ferromagnets
I would like to know if there is a material like hemitite that can be magnetized temporally when heat is applied,and
demagnetized when cooled.
- larry fealy (age 77)
apple valley, ca. san bernardino ct.
It sounds like what you're looking for is what's called a "re-entrant ferromagnet", something that goes from a less magnetic state to a ferromagnetic state when it's warmed. (It'll then leave the ferromagnetic state if warmed too much.) Some of the materials called re-entrant ferromagnets go to combined ferromagnet-spinglass states when cooled, but that's not what you want. You want the cool state to be paramagnetic or antiferromagnetic. Here's a paper on one such material, SmMn2Ge2
(published on 04/06/13)
Follow-up on this answer.