Generally you expect things to fall down, lowering their energy.
Let's figure out whether the water would drain in or out to lower the
energy here. In other words which way ends up with more heavy stuff
If the water drained out of the canoe, the canoe would float a
little higher. If it drained in the canoe would float lower. The reason
a canoe usually doesn't sink is that pushing it down pushes some water
up, replacing it with the air in the canoe. Unfortunately, with a hole
in the bottom, that will be water, not air, in the bottom of the canoe.
It will sink, lowering the average height of the various heavy things
in and on the canoe. Water will flow in.
If the canoe is made of light wood, which is a little less dense
than water, it will end up floating deep in the water. If the canoe is
made of aluminum, which is denser than water, it will keep sinking.
(republished on 07/31/06)