Learn more physics!
What is a Carbon Resistor? How does its resistivity vary with increase in temperature (graph)? will it decrease as in the case of semi-conductors or will it increase as in the case of metal/wire-wound resistors?
- Afzovich (age 17)
Hello Afzovich, welcome to our website,
Carbon resistors have several different forms. One is a mixture of ceramic powder and fine carbon granules held together with a resin type of glue. This has pretty much been discontinued since the advent of modern printed circuit boards where space is at a premium. The type most used these days is a small ceramic base on which a resistive pattern has been deposited. In both cases, the ceramic base is non conducting whereas the carbon forms a current carrying path; the more carbon, the less the resistance.
This type of carbon has a negative thermal coefficient, i.e. the higher the temperature, the lower the resistivity. Its value depends on the details of the form of carbon but often is about -0.0005/°C near room temperature . So if you heat a 1000 Ω resistor by 10 °C then it will have a resistance of 1000 Ω *(1-0.0005*10) = 995 Ω.
(published on 01/06/2012)
Follow-up on this answer.